Presence of migrants outside temporary reception centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Series 09, January 2022 [EN/BS] – Bosnia and Herzegovina

DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND LOCATION

The total number of migrants observed in the places covered was 367, of whom 366 declared that they had not been accommodated in any of the official CRTs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The number of migrants observed in cycle 09 remains relatively low, which is in line with the previous cycle. This can be explained by the fact that the temperature was particularly cold on the day of the exercise. In addition, the number of employees involved was lower due to the current epidemiological situation of COVID-19, with fewer sites visited in the FBiH cantons.

However, it is important to highlight that for the first time, data collection was also conducted in the RS entity, with the aim of increasing the geographical coverage of DTM activities in the country. As in previous rounds, the number of migrants who declared that they were not accommodated in any reception center represents almost 100% in Round 09.

Afghanistan (32.8%) and Pakistan (30.3%) are the two main declared nationalities4 of the people observed residing outside the CVRs in BiH, followed by Morocco (10.5%), the Islamic Republic of Iran (7.4%) and Iraq (5.2%). Other nationalities declared include Algeria (3.6%), India (1.6%), as well as Cuba, Gambia and the Syrian Arab Republic (1.4%) and the Republic of Congo, Libya , Bangladesh, Egypt, Tunisia and Ghana with less than 1 percent. Compared to the previous cycle, there was a significant increase in the number of migrants from Pakistan and Iraq, with an increase of 5.6% and 3.7% respectively, while there was a reduction of the number of Egyptians and Moroccans, 5.6 percent and 3.9 percent, respectively.

Data disaggregated by sex and age show that most migrants outside the RTCs are adult men (325), followed by adult women (15), boys (13) and girls (10). Overall, adult males make up 89% of the identified migrant population outside of the CRTs in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is the highest percentage recorded since the start of activity in March 2021. Most children come Afghanistan (44%), followed by Iraq (26%), the Islamic Republic of Iran (13%), the Syrian Arab Republic (13%) and Morocco (4%).

In Round 09, of the 119 migrants from Afghanistan, 62 (52.1%) said they were from Kabul province, followed by 53 from Nangarhar (44.5%) and 4 from Kunduz (3.4%) . Unlike previous rounds, no other provinces were registered.

Most of the migrants observed (304, i.e. 83% of the total) declared having entered BiH from Serbia, 40 from Montenegro, 3 from Croatia, while for 19 migrants this information is unknown.

Regarding the type of places covered, most of the migrants observed were in abandoned buildings (40.7%), followed by private accommodation that they can use for free (23.2%), outdoor places including bus stations and rail (16.9%), paid accommodation. hostels (16.4%), barracks or makeshift tents (1.4%), other types of places (0.82%) and finally paid private accommodation (0.5%). According to the methodology used, migrants residing in paying hostels are counted in the number of people not residing in official TRCs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, it should be noted that places are available in the CRTs. Migrants may decide not to reside in the CVRs, despite the best efforts of IOM, SFA and other humanitarian actors to inform them of the assistance available in the CVRs

About John McTaggart

Check Also

NEWSPORT DAILY-Lack of affordable housing exacerbated by sale of Dougies Backpackers Resort

The amount for the sale of the property, on just over two acres (or 0.8 …