The nine sectors the survey focused on included manufacturing, construction, trade, transportation, education, healthcare, accommodation and food services, IT / BPO, and financial services. The IT / BPO sector grew by 152%, followed by healthcare (77%), financial services (48%), education (39%), manufacturing (22%), transport ( 68%) and construction (42%) during this period. period compared to the 2013-14 economic census.
Employment in the two service sectors, commerce and the accommodation and food services segment, decreased by 25% and 13% respectively due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, according to the evidence available so far.
The results of the survey showed that of the total employment in the nine selected sectors, manufacturing represents 41%, education 22% and health 8%. Commerce and IT / BPO hired 7% of the estimated total number of workers.
According to QES, the decline in employment caused by the pandemic affected around 27% of the 12,000 establishments surveyed. During the Match 25, 2020 to June 30, 2020 period, when one of the strictest lockdowns was in place to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, 69.5% of the facility showed no change in the employment while 26.7% the establishment reported a decline in employment in July. 1, 2020 compared to March 25, 2020, according to the survey. The decline in employment was relatively larger in manufacturing, construction, accommodation and food services.
The results of the survey showed that 38.1% of establishments in the manufacturing sector, 34.5% in the construction sector and 34.4% in the accommodation and food services sector reported a decline in employment during the national lockdown. The healthcare sector recorded the highest percentage share (7%) reporting an increase in employment during the lockdown, the survey showed.
Speaking to TOI, senior advisor at the Ministry of Labor and Employment, DPS Negi said: âTotal employment (between the three-month lockout period) has increased from 3.078 crore to 2.848 crore or 24 lakh . This was slightly more than offset in July 2020 and March 2021, bringing the total employment figure as of April 1 to 3.08 crore. ”
The majority of estimated establishments (80.7%) said their employees received full pay during the lockdown, while 16.6% said they received reduced pay. Only 2.7% of the total estimated establishments said they had paid no wages to their employees during the lockdown. The highest share of estimated establishments reporting that their employees received no wages during the lockdown were in construction (6.7%) and accommodation and food services (4.9%) .
Issued by Union Minister of Labor and Employment Bhupender Yadav, QES is the first part of the Quarterly Establishment-Based Employment Survey across India (AIQEES), which Assessed establishments employing 10 or more workers in manufacturing, construction, healthcare, education, financial services, IT / BPO, commerce, transportation, accommodation and catering.
The report also indicates that the overall percentage of female workers increased from 31% in 2013-14 to 29% in the April-June quarter.