Future of migration to a Destination-Nation: Australia

Second of 5 games

WHAT’S NEW Down Under?

As with most countries with residency migration pathways, Australia plans to increase the number of skilled migrants it will accept for the country’s 2023 program year from July 1 this year.

The downside is that the cap of 160,000 places for this program year will remain unchanged from previous years.

The 2022-2023 federal budget will increase all but two of the qualified stream categories. As in previous years, the category of the qualified component is more numerous than the categories of the family component:

Immigration Minister Alex Hawke envisions a stronger future for Australia through skilled migration, which would address critical skills shortages, spur innovation and attract investment with a particular focus on migration regional.

Competence before relationship

Skills flow will increase to 109,900, more than 30,000 places above 2021-22 planning levels.

Within the Skills Stream, three categories were allocated more spaces: Employer Sponsored (30,000 spaces), Skilled Independent (16,652 spaces) and State and Territory Designated (20,000 spaces) . The increases are from the 2021-2022 planning levels.

Regional visas will more than double to 25,000 places to support the growth of regional Australia.

The Business Innovation and Investment (9,500 places), Global Talents (8,448 places) and Distinguished Talents (300 places) categories will ensure that Australia remains a destination of choice for the world’s best and brightest individuals and entrepreneurs .

The occupations lists will be reviewed and updated in early 2022-23 to reflect changes in the Australian labor market, based on advice from the National Skills Commission.

Family flow. The future of sponsorships in the family categories is mixed. Overall, the total allocation fell from 72,300 to 50,000.

Despite the announcement to “support family reunification”, the Australian government recognizes the challenges of the current backlog harvest from partner/spouse categories, thereby shifting the processing of partner visas to a “demand-driven model” .

Economy of temporary migrants (EMT)

The Australian government recognizes that a quick fix is ​​needed to achieve a long-term recovery.

Bringing in skilled migrants from overseas will take longer than those in the visitor and international student categories. And the economic benefits flow faster to communities, supporting growth and recovery.

When Australia reopened its international borders in December last year, international students and visitors were literally given a warm welcome.

They were greeted at the airport with adorable koala plushies and signature treats including Tim Tams chocolate cookies and vegemite.

Study International reported that even Federal Tourism Minister Dan Tehan was on the ground to greet the first arrivals on a Qantas flight from Los Angeles, US.

ICEF (InnerCityEducationFoundation) Monitor reported that more than 56,000 international students had returned to Australia by January 30, 2022 and another 50,000 had applied for student visas.

In addition to this, on January 14, 2022, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison temporarily lifted the 40-hour per fortnight limit for student visa holders, allowing them to work for an unlimited amount of time while studying.

Then, on February 21, 2022, Australia opened up to the rest of the world, especially those eligible for the Working Holiday Makers (WHM) category.

Australia has agreements with 45 countries, 26 of which have annual “cap” provisions.

To unlock the economic benefits of this sector of the TME, the Morrison administration announced “a one-time increase in the number of places available for WHMs from countries with which Australia has a work and holiday visa agreement (subclass 462).

As a result, approximately 11,000 additional WHM visas will be available for future backpackers. It is estimated that this measure will increase the underlying cash balance by $45 million over the next three years. »

To sweeten the deal, WHM visa holders who arrive in Australia between January 19 and April 19, 2022 can request a refund of the visa application fee, the same arrangement with student visa holders who arrive in the same period. .

On the other hand, the economic benefits of skilled migrants (qualified self-employed or sponsored – by employers, regions or relatives) will come much later, in dribs and drabs.

Processing times, skilled migrants

As of March 29, the Department of the Interior (DHA) indicates the following deadlines for the different categories of skilled migrants: distinguished talents (subclass 124) – 27 months; commercial talent (subclass 132) — 35 to 40 months.

Even skilled workers with sponsoring employers have to wait between 13 and 18 months. And that is after meeting the eligibility criteria for employers, before filing the subclass application.

The essential requirements for skilled workers in this sub-category are as follows: the applicant’s occupation must be on the list of eligible skilled occupations; and the candidate must have at least three years of relevant professional experience as well as a positive skills assessment.

Candidates who meet the criteria can expect the minimum waiting period below. The subclass (SC) and the waiting period in months:

– Employers Nomination Scheme Visa (Subclass 186) Direct Entry – 12

– Subclass 186, chord channel – 13

– Subclass 186, transition path – 18

– Regional Sponsored Migration Program (SC 187) Direct Entry – 51

– Transition path of subclass 187 – 19

– Subclass 188 business innovation and investment (provisional) – 35

For the subclasses listed below, 189 through 491, the DHA has a reminder: “Applicants should be aware that points tested on skilled migration visa applications that are not a critical industry occupation may exceed the average processing time. This is because each visa subclass contains applications that have a different processing priority. Occupations within a critical sector are given the highest processing priority.

– Qualified Independent (Subclass 189) – 35

– Skilled Named (Subclass 190) – 19

– Qualified regional sponsorship (provisional) (subclass 489) – 32

– Regional Skilled Work Visa (Provisional) (Subclass 491) – 18

– Subclass 491, sponsored family – 14

– Subclass 491, employer sponsored – 10

– Subclass 494, collective agreement – 7

– Subclass 858 – 5 Global Talent Pathway

– Subclass 858 Distinguished Talents – 24

– Qualified Regional 887 – 22

For Qualified Regional 887, the applicant must already be ashore, hold a qualifying visa, or have held a qualifying visa that expired outside Australia during the concession period; have lived for at least two years in Australia and worked full-time for at least one year in a specified regional area, unless Covid-19 concessions apply.

Election and selection

Minister Hawke issued a warning: The list of professions will be updated in the second half of the year. This may depend on the victory of the incumbent government in the elections scheduled for May.

The categories and allocation for this year and the previous reflect the type of migrants Australia intends to admit. The current list of 44 occupations on the Priority Occupations Skills List for Migration (PMOSL) is subject to change.

Based on advice from the National Skills Commission and consultation with Commonwealth departments, the list may change once Australia has met the essential skills needed to support the country’s economic recovery from Covid-19.

The DHA explains that while other skilled occupations lists will remain active, PMSOL occupations will be given priority and that “employer-sponsored nomination and visa applications with an occupation on the PMSOL will be given priority.”

For prospective migrants to Australia, it is not enough to be on the list of priority occupations and meet the essential requirements of a specific underclass.

The need to hone the skill of navigating the processing time maze to know which option reaches the finish line first is a must.

Next: Destination-Nation — United States of America

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